V

Vajani - A Kind Of Pyjama (q. V.), Worn In Kutch And Saurashtra, Often Richly Embroidered.

Valenciennes Lace - A Flat Bobbin Lace With The Same Fine Threads Used For Both The Ground And The Design.

Valori Wells - Valori Wells presents a new look to the quilting world and beyond, her fabrics portray larger than life images inspired by nature in fresh colors. Details in her designs create an intimacy in pattern and color. Being a quilter herself she is always designing quilts and sewing projects in the back of her mind as she paints a design.

Vapor Barrier Layer - Also called vapor barrier liner, or VBL. A thin, plastic-like layer of clothing that traps heat vapor in extremely cold conditions.

Variable Cut Device - An Ancillary Device On The Crush-cutting Type Of Converter (see Converting) Which Cyclically Varies The Angle Of Approach Of The Tow To The Cutting Region In Order To Introduce A Controlled Variation Of Fiber Length.

Vat Dye - A Water-insoluble Dye, Usually Containing Keto Groups Which Is Normally Applied To The Fiber From An Alkaline Aqueous Solution Of The Reduced Enol ( Leuco) Form, And Which Is Subsequently Oxidized In The Fiber To The Insoluble Form.

Veiling - A General Term For A Large Variety Of Light, Open Fabrics Used For Such Purposes As Bridal Veils, Dress Trim, Evening Wear, Or Millinery.

Velour - A medium weight, closely woven fabric with a thick pile. It can be made using either a plain weave or a satin weave construction. It resembles velvet, but has a lower cut pile. End uses include apparel, upholstery, and drapes.

Velvet - A medium weight cut-pile constructed fabric in which the cut pile stands up very straight. It is woven using two sets of warp yarns; the extra set creates the pile. Velvet, a luxurious fabric, is commonly made with a filament fiber for high luster and smooth hand.

Velveteen - A cotton cut-pile weave fabric, utilizing extra fill yarn construction, with either a twill or a plain weave back. The fabric is woven with two sets of filling yarns; the extra set creates the pile.

Velvety - A Soft Plush, Dense, Hand Suggesting Velvet.

Venetian - A Warp Faced, Strong, Heavy Sateen With A High Luster.

Venetian Lace - A Needlepoint Lace Usually In A Floral Pattern With Picot Edgings.. Also Called Venise Lace. Or Venetian Point.

Venice Lace - This lace often has a high profile, and is made using a needlepoint technique rather than embroidery. A heavier weight lace, the patterns vary from geometric to floral. Each pattern is attached to the others by bars made of thread.

Vest Or Veste - In The 17th And 18th Centuries A Man's Garment Worn Under The Justaucorps, Generally In Rich Material. Originally Almost As Long As The Coat, The Vest Was Gradually Shortened And Simplified Until, In The Middle Of The Reign Of Louis Xv, It Became The Waistcoat.

Vicuna - The Undercoat Hair Of The Vicuna, An Animal Of The Llama Group Of The Camel Family. It Produces A Softer And Finer Fabric Than Can Be Obtained With Any Other Wool Or Hair.

Vinal - A Term Used To Describe Manufactured Fibers In Which The Fiber-forming Substance Is Any Long-chain Synthetic Polymer Composed Of At Least 50% By Weight Of Ethenol (vinyl Alcohol) Units And In Which The Total Of The Ethenol Units And Any One Or More Of Various Acetal Units Is At Least 85% By Weight Of The Fiber. The Iso Generic Name Is Vinylal.

Vinylal - A Term Used To Describe Fibers Composed Of Synthetic Linear Macromolecules Of Polyethenol (poly Vinyl Alcohol) Of Differing Levels Of Acetalization.

Vinyon - A Term Used To Describe Manufactured Fibers In Which The Fiber Forming Substance Is Any Long-chain Synthetic Polymer Composed Of At Least 85% By Weight Of Chloroethene (vinyl Chloride) Units.

Virago Sleeves - Mid 17th Century Sleeves On Female Gowns And Jackets That Were Paned And Tied Into A Series Of Puffs.

Virgin Wool - New wool that has never been used before, or reclaimed from any spun, woven, knitted, felted, manufactured or used products.

Viscose - The most common type of rayon. It is produced in much greater quantity than cuprammonium rayon, the other commercial type.

Viscose (fiber) - A Term Used To Describe Fibers Of Regenerated Cellulose Obtained By The Viscose Process.

Viscosity - The Internal Resistance To Flow Of A Fluid. The Unit Of Viscosity Is The Pascal Second. Note 1: The Viscosity Of A Solution Of A Polymer Is Commonly Expressed In One Of The Following Ways: (a) Viscosity Ratio: The Ratio Of The Viscosity Of A Solution To The Viscosity Of The Pure Solvent (formerly Known As Relative Viscosity). (b) Specific Viscosity: The Viscosity Ratio Less Unity. (c) Limiting Viscosity Number: The Value Obtained By Extrapolating, To Zero Concentration, The Ratio Of The Specific Viscosity Of A Solution To The Concentration Of The Solute (formerly Known As Intrinsic Viscosity). Note 2: Some Fluids Such As Size Mixings Exhibit Anomalous Viscosity Effects And Cannot Therefore Be Characterized By A Single Measurement. The Flow Behavior Of A Mixing Is Best Described Flow Curve Relating Apparent Viscosity To Shearing Stress. If The Shearing Stresses Operative In Sizing Were Known, Then The Apparent Viscosity Of The Mixings At These Stresses Could Be Related To Their Sizing Behavior. Without This Knowledge, Measurements At Some Arbitrary Stress Have To Be Used: These Are Of Value In Characterizing A Particular Type Of Size And Can Often Be Relate The Take-up Of Size By The Warp.

Vizard - A Face Mask Worn By Ladies In The 17th Century To Protect Their Faces From The Weather Or Even Indoors. See Also Mask.

Voile - A crisp, lightweight, plain weave cotton-like fabric, made with high  twist yarns in a high yarn count construction. Similar in appearance to organdy and organza. Used in blouses dresses and curtains.

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