Easy Care - Refers To Fabrics Which Are Restored To Their Original Appearance After Laundering With Little Or No Ironing. Generally Such Fabrics Can Be Machine Washed And Tumble Dried/See Drip-dry.
Ecru - Descriptive Of Fibers, Yarns, Or Fabrics That Have Not Been Subjected To Processes Affecting Their Natural Color.
Edge - The front margin of the garment that extends from front corner to front corner.
Edge Tape - A tape sewn along the front edge of a coat from top of the lapel to bottom of the facing. On less expensive coats, this tape starts at the bottom of the lapel (called the breakline). The tape is usually sewn with an edge-knife machine.
Effect Threads - Yarns Inserted In A Fabric That Are Sufficiently Different In Fiber, Count, Or Construction To Form Or Enhance A Pattern.
Egyptian Cotton - Cotton From Egypt Characterized By Its Strong, Fine, Long And Lustrous Fibers.
Elastane - A Term Used To Describe Fibers That Are Composed Of Synthetic Linear Macromolecules Having In The Chain At Least 85% (by Mass) Of Segmented Polyurethane Groups And Which Rapidly Revert Substantially To Their Original Length After Extension To Three Times That Length.
Elastic Fabric - A Fabric Containing Rubber Or Other Elastomeric Fibers Or Threads, Having Recoverable Extensibility In A Direction Parallel To The Elastomeric Threads, And Characterized By A High Resistance To Deformation And A High Capacity To Recover Its Normal Size And Shape.
Elasticity - The ability of a fiber or fabric to return to its original length, shape, or size immediately after the removal of stress.
Elastin - A protein that is similar to collagen and is the chief constituent of elastic fibers.
Elastodiene - A Term Used To Describe Fibers Composed Of Natural Or Synthetic Polyisoprene, Or Composed Of One Or More Dienes Polymerized With Or Without One Or More Vinyl Monomers, Which Rapidly Revert Substantially To Their Original Length After Extension To Three Times That Length.
Elastomer - Any Polymer Having High Extensibility Together With Rapid And Substantially Complete Elastic Recovery., Note: Most Fibers Formed From Elastomers Have Breaking Elongations In Excess Of One Hundred Percent.
Elastomeric Yarn - A Yarn Formed From An Elastomer., Note 1: Elastomeric Yarn May Either Be Incorporated Into Fabric In The Bare State Or Wrapped With Relatively Inextensible Fibers. Wrapping Is Done By Covering (see Covered Yarn), Core Spinning Or Uptwisting., Note 2: Examples Are Elastane And Elastodiene Yarns.
Electrostatic Flocking - The Process Of Applying A Flock To An Adhesive-coated Substrate In A High-voltage Electrostatic Field.
Elongation - The Increase May Be Expressed In Three Ways, Namely:, (i) As A Length, (ii) As A Percentage Of The Initial Length, And, (iii) As A Fraction Of The Initial Length.
Elysian - A Thick, Heavy, Usually Woolen Fabric With A Deep Nap That Forms A Diagonal Or Ripple Pattern On The Surface. Used For Coatings.
Emboss - To Produce A Pattern In Relief By Passing Fabric Through A Calendar In Which A Heated Metal Bowl Engraved With The Pattern Works Against A Relatively Soft Bowl, Built Up Of Compressed Paper Or Cotton On A Metal Centre.
Embossed - Fabric With A Raised Design That Has Been Engraved On A Metal Cylinder Then Impressed On The Fabric With Heat And Pressure.
Embossing - A calendering process in which fabrics are engraved with the use of heated rollers under pressure to produce a raised design on the fabric surface.
Embroidery - An embellishment of a fabric or garment in which colored threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design. Embroidery may be done either by hand or machine.
Emerizing - A Process In Which Fabric Is Passed Over A Series Of Emery-covered Rollers To Produce A Suede-like Finish. Note: A Similar Process Is Known As Sueding.
Encapsulation - A process in which the fibers of a fabric are coated with a filmy substance to create certain high performance qualities, such as breathability.
End - (1) (spinning) An Individual Strand,, (2) (weaving) An Individual Warp Thread., (3) (fabric) A Length Of Finished Fabric Less Than A Customary Unit (piece) In Length, (4) (finishing) , (a) Each Passage Of A Length Of Fabric Through A Machine, For Example, In Jig-dyeing., (b) A Joint Between Pieces Of Fabric Due, For Example, To Damage Or Short Lengths In Weaving Or Damage In Bleaching, Dyeing Or Finishing
End & End - A Plain Weave Fabric With A Warp Yarn Of One Color Alternating With A Warp Yarn Of White Or A Second Color. Often The Weft Yarns Alternate With The Same 2 Colors Forming A Mini Check Design. Used Most Commonly In Shirtings.
End-group - A Chemical Group That Forms The End Of A Polymer Chain. Linear Polymers Possess Two End-groups Per Molecule And Branched Polymers With N Branch Points Possess N + 2 End-groups Per Molecule.
Engagéantes - Lace Cuffs With Two Or Three Rows Of Ruffles, Finishing Women's Gown Sleeves In Louis Xiv's Time. They Were Still Worn In The 18th Century With Gowns À La Francaise.
Enzyme Washed - Refers To The Process Of Washing With A Cellulase Enzyme -one Which Attacks The Cellulose In The Fabric- Giving It A Used, Worn Appearance And A Desirable Soft Hand . The Effect Is Similar To Stone Washing But Is Less Damaging To The Fabric. It Is Sometimes Called Bio-washing. Done Commonly With Denim Or Other Cottons And Fabrics Of Lyocell.
Epitropic Fiber - A Fiber Whose Surface Contains Partially Or Wholly Embedded Particles That Modify One Or More Of Its Properties, E.g., Its Electrical Conductivity.
Ergonomic Seaming - This apparel construction technology is aimed at maximizing comfort and ease of movement. The key feature of this seaming technology is that the seams are constructed ergonomically. Therefore, the seams flow according to the body's natural movements, regardless of the type of activity engaged in by the wearer. The seams are placed away from potential pressure points, in order to maximize comfort and movement.
Ergonomics - The study of improving a garment design by enhancing the wearers' comfort, performance, or health.
Eri - A Type Of Wild Silk.
Ethnic - Refers To Designs With Elements Suggesting The Culture Or Traditional Designs Of A Particular Group Of People.
Exfoliation - An Inherent Fault In Silk Only Apparent After Degumming Or Dyeing. It Is Characterized By Fine Fibrils Or Fibrillae That Become Separated From The Filament, So Giving A Speckled, Dishevelled Appearance.
Exhaustion - The Proportion Of Dye Or Other Substance Taken Up By A Substrate At Any Stage Of A Process To The Amount Originally Available.
Expression - The Weight Of Liquid Retained By Textile Material After Mangling Or Hydroextraction, Calculated As A Percentage Of The Air-dry Weight Of The Goods.
Extension - An Increase In Length., Note: The Increase May Be Expressed In Three Ways, Namely:, (i) As A Length, (ii) As A Percentage Of The Initial Length, And, (iii) As A Fraction Of The Initial Length.
Extract - Wool Or Hair Recovered By The Wet Process Of Carbonization.
Extrusion - In The Spinning Of Man-made Filaments, Fiber-forming Substances In The Plastic Or Molten State, Or In Solution, Are Forced Through The Holes Of A Spinneret Or Die At A Controlled Rate. There Are Five General Methods Of Spinning (extruding) Man-made Filaments, But Combinations Of These Methods May Be Used (see Dispersion Spinning, Dry Spinning, Melt Spinning, Reaction Spinning, And Wet Spinning)
Extrusion (fiber Production) - The Process Of Forming Fibers By Forcing Materials Through Orifices.
Extrusion Ratio - In Man-made Filament Extrusion, The Ratio Of Take-up Or Haul-off Speed To The Average Speed Of The Spinning Fluid As It Leaves The Spinneret.
Eyelash - A Fabric With Clipped Yarn On The Surface Suggesting Eyelashes.
Eyelet - A type of fabric which contains patterned cut-outs, around which stitching or embroidery may be applied in order to prevent the fabric from raveling.